Self-Employment Glossary > Key Concepts

KoreanEnglishDescriptionAdditional
자영업self-employment
종사상 지위worker statusWith the dataset used in this study, work can be classified based on work status into two categories: non-wage and salary work and wage and salary work.Syn.: 취업 형태
비임금근로non-wage and salary workSyn.: 자영업 근로
임금근로wage and salary work
영세자영업weak self-employmentType of self-employment this study focuses on
영세자영업 기준criteria of weak self-employment
창업동기start-up motivation1st criteria of weak self-employment
> 밀어내기 가설push hypothesisStart-up motivation associated with weak self-employment
> 끌어들이기 가설pull hypothesisStart-up motivation associated with non-weak self-employment
조직 규모organizational size2nd criteria of weak self-employment
재정적 성과financial performance3rd criteria of weak self-employment
> 임금wages and salaryMeasure of financial performance for non self-employed workersSyn.: 급여
> 소득incomePrimary measure of financial performance for self-employed workers
> 매출salesAlso used in some literature to measure financial performance of self-employed workers
업종business type4th criteria of weak self-employment
소상공인sosanggonginDefined under Korean law as a businessperson/ business having 10 or fewer regular employees. Lit.: small businesspersonWritten as foreign word in this study to make Korea-specific meaning clear. However, translated elsewhere from the Korean using a variety of English terms, including small commercial and industrial businessman, microenterprise, micro enterprise, and small enterprise
영세자영업 비중weak self-employment rateRatio of weak self-employed to total employed using criteria other than the criteria specifically defined in this study for weak self-employed
자영업 혼잡률self-employment congestion rateRatio of weak self-employed to total employed using the criteria specifically defined in this study for weak self-employed
자영업 영세성 비중self-employment weakness rateRatio of weak self-employed to total self-employed
자영업률self-employment rateRatio of self-employed to total employedSyn.: 자영업자 비율, 자영업 비중